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AMERICAN-ENGLISH/ENGLISH-AMERICAN TRANSLATION GUIDE
---------------------------------------------------

              AMERICAN - ENGLISH
              ------------------

American                              English
--------                              -------

A

account                               bill/account
adhesive tape                         sticking plaster
aisle                                 gangway
AM radio                              Medium wave
antenna                               aerial (radio/TV)
apartment/unit                        flat
apartment hotel                       service flats
apartment house                       block of flats
awaken someone (to)                   knock up

B

baby bed/crib                         cot/crib
baby carriage/baby buggy              pram (perambulator)
back-up lights                        reversing lights
balcony (theater)                     gallery
band-aid                              elastoplast/plaster
barrette                              hairslide
baseboard                             skirting board
bathe (v.)                            bath
bathrobe                              dressing gown
bathtub                               bath
bell pepper                           green pepper
biscuit                               scone-like thing (no equivalent)
bill                                  bank note
billfold                              wallet (mens)
billion=thousand million              billion=million million
black top                             tarmac
bobbie pin                            hair grip/kirby grip
bomb (disaster)                       bomb (success)
booth (telephone)                     kiosk (telephone/cigarette)
brass knuckles                        knuckle duster
broil                                 grill
buffet                                sideboard
bureau                                chest of drawers
business suit                         lounge suite

C

call/phone                            ring up/phone
call collect                          reverse charges
can                                   tin
candy                                 sweets/chocolate
candy store                           sweet shop/confectioner
caravan                               convoy
carnival                              fair (fun)
change purse/small wallet (womens)    purse
charged (goods bought)                put down/entered
check (restaurant)                    bill
checkers                              draughts
check room                            cloakroom
cheese cloth                          butter muslin/cheese cloth
chicory                               endive
chips (potato)                        crisps
cigarette                             fag
city/municipal government             corporation
closet                                cupboard
closet (hanging clothes)              wardrobe
clothes pin                           clothes peg
collar button                         collar stud
collar stay                           collar stiffener
comforter                             eiderdown
concert master                        leader
conductor (train)                     guard
connect (telephone)                   put through
cookie                                biscuit (sweet)
corn starch                           corn flour
cotton batting/absorbing cotton       cotton wool
cotton candy                          candy floss
cracker                               biscuit (unsweetened)
crazy bone                            funny bone
cream of wheat                        semolina
cross-walk                            pelican crossing
cuffs (pants)                         turn-ups (trousers)
custom made                           bespoke/made to measure

D

davenport/sofa                        sofa
dead-end                              cul-de-sac
deck (cards)                          pack
delivery truck                        van
denatured alcohol                     methylated spirits
derby                                 bowler/hard hat
desk clerk                            receptionist
dessert                               pudding/dessert
detour                                diversion
diaper                                nappy
dime store/five and ten               Woolworth's
directory assistance                  directory enquiries
dishes, do the                        wash up
divided highway                       dual carriageway
downtown                              centre (city/business)
draft                                 conscription
drapes                                curtains
dresser                               chest of drawers
druggist                              chemist
drugstore/pharmacy                    chemist's shop
drygoods store                        draper
dump (n. and v.)                      tip
dungarees                             jeans
duplex                                semi-detached

E

editorial                             leader
eggplant                              aubergine
electric cord/wire                    flex
elevator                              lift
endive                                chicory
engineer (train)                      driver
eraser                                rubber/india rubber
erector set                           meccano (tradename)
eyeball (v.)                          visually position

F

faculty                               staff
fag or faggot                         homosexual
fall                                  autumn
faucet                                tap
fender                                wing/mudguard
first balcony                         upper circle
first floor                           ground floor
flashlight                            torch/flashlight
floor lamp                            standard lamp
floor walker                          shop walker
FM radio                              VHF
freeway/super highway                 motorway
freight truck                         goods truck
french fries                          chips
freshman (at university)              1st year undergraduate
front desk (hotel)                    reception

G

garbage/trash                         rubbish
garbage can/ash can/trash can         dustbin/bin
garter belt                           suspender belt
garters                               suspenders
gas                                   petrol
gas station                           filling station
gear shift                            gear lever
generator                             dynamo
German shepherd/police dog            alsation
goose bumps                           goose pimples
grade                                 class/form
grade crossing                        level crossing
green thumb                           green fingers
ground wire                           earth wire/earth

H

hamburger bun                         bap
hamburger (meat)                      mince
hamburger                             beefburger
hardware store                        ironmonger
hat check girl                        cloakroom attendant
homely - ugly                         homely - pleasant
hood (car)                            bonnet
hope chest                            bottom drawer
hotdog bun                            bridge roll
housewares                            hardware
hutch                                 Welsh dresser

I

incorporated                          limited
intermission                          interval

J

jail                                  gaol/jail
janitor                               caretaker/porter
jello                                 jelly
jelly/jam                             jam
jelly roll                            Swiss roll
jock                                  a keen athelete (from jockstrap)
jump rope                             skipping rope
junior                                3rd year (school)

K

kerosene                              paraffin
knickers                              plus-fours
knock up                              make pregnant

L

laundromat                            laundrette
lawyer/attorney                       solicitor
leader                                leading article in newspaper/
                                      1st violin in orchestra
lease/rent                            let
legal holiday                         bank holiday
license plate                         number plate
Life Savers (candy)                   Polos (fruit version)
lima bean                             broad bean (similar to)
line (n.)                             queue
line-up                               identification parade
liquor                                spirits
liquor store                          off licence/wine merchant
liverwurst                            liver sausage
living room                           sitting room/lounge/
                                         drawing room/living room
lobby/foyer                           foyer
long distance                         trunk call
lost and found                        lost property
love seat                             settee
lumber room                           box room

M

M&Ms/Resses Pieces (candy)            Smarties
mail (n.)                             post
mail box/mail drop                    pillar box
mailman                               postman
make reservations                     book
Mars Bar (candy)                      Topic
meat grinder                          mincer
median strip/divider                  centre reservation
mezzanine/loge                        dress circle
Milky Way (candy)                     Mars Bar
molasses                              black treacle
mollybolt                             rawlplug
monkey wrench                         spanner
mopboard                              skirting board
motorbike                             moped
motorcycle                            motorbike/motorcycle
mountain oyster                       cooked testicles of a sheep or bull
movie                                 film
movie house/theater                   cinema
moving van                            pantechnicon/removal van
muffler (car)                         silencer
mutual fund                           unit trust

N

newsdealer/news stand                 newsagent
nightstand                            truncheon
notions                               haberdashery

O

odometer                              mileometer
office (doctor's/dentist's)           surgery
oil pan                               sump
one way ticket                        single ticket
orchestra seats                       stalls
outlet/socket                         point/power point
overalls                              dungarees
overpass                              flyover

P

pacifier                              dummy
package                               parcel
paddle (ping pong)                    bat
panty hose/nylons                     tights
pantry                                larder
pants/slacks                          trousers/slacks
parka                                 anorak
parking lot                           car park
pass (vehicle, etc.)                  overtake/pass
pavement                              road surface
pedestrian crossing                   zebra crossing
penitentiary/prison                   prison
period                                full-stop
person-to-person                      personal call
phonograph/record player              gramophone/record player
pig in a blanket                      sausage roll
pit (fruit)                           stone
pitcher                               jug
plexiglas                             perspex
pocket book                           handbag purse
pocket knife                          pen knife
pollywog/tadpole                      tadpole
popsicle                              iced lolly
pork and liver meatball               faggot (normally fried)
pot holders/gloves                    oven gloves/cloth
powdered sugar/confectioner's sugar   icing sugar
precinct                              district
president (business)                  chairman
principal                             headmaster/mistress
private school                        public school/private school
private school gofer                  fag
public school                         state school
pull-off                              lay-by
pullman/sleeper                       sleeping car
pump (shoe)                           court shoe
purse/pocketbook                      handbag

R

raincheck                             postponement
raincoat                              mackintosh
raisin                                sultana
realtor                               estate agent
rear view mirror                      wing mirror
recess                                break (school)
restroom                              toilet/cloakroom/
                                         public convenience
rhinestone                            diamante
roast                                 joint (meat)
robin (large red-breasted bird,       robin (small red-breasted bird,
  symbol - first sign of spring)               symbol of Christmas)
roller coaster                        big dipper
roomer                                lodger
round trip ticket                     return ticket
rubber                                condom
rubber cement                         cow gum
rubbing alcohol                       surgical spirit
run (for public office                stand
rutabaga/turnip                       swede

S

sack lunch                            packed lunch
sales clerk/sales girl                shop assistant
scab                                  blackleg
scallion                              spring onion (similar)
schedule                              time-table
scotch tape                           sellotape
scratch pad                           scribbling pad/block
second floor                          first floor
sedan                                 saloon car
semester (school - 2 in a year)       term (3 in a year)
senior                                4th year (school)
sewer pipe/soil pipe                  drain (indoor)
shade (window)                        blind
sheers/under drapes                   net curtains
sherbet                               ice/sorbet
shoestring                            bootlace/shoelace
shorts/jockey shorts                  briefs
shorts (underwear)                    pants
shot (injection)                      jab
shower				      rain
shredded (coconut)                    desiccated
sideburns                             sideboards
sidewalk                              pavement/footpath
sled                                  sledge/toboggan
slice (bacon)                         rasher
slingshot                             catapult
smoked herring                        kipper
snaps                                 press studs
sneakers/tennis shoes                 gym shoes/plimsolls/tennis shoes
Snickers (candy)                      Marathon
soccer                                football/soccer
soda cracker                          cream cracker
spatula/pancake turner                fish slice
spool                                 cotton reel
squash                                marrow (similar)
stand in line/line up                 queue
station wagon                         estate car
stop light/traffic signal/
                   stop signals       traffic lights
stove                                 cooker
straight (drink)                      neat
stroller                              pushchair
sub-division                          housing estate
subway                                tube/underground
suspenders                            braces
sweater/pullover                      jumper/sweater/pullover
Swing-arm/Architect's lamp            Anglepoise lamp

T

tag                                   label
take-out                              take-away
tea cart                              tea trolley
Texas gate                            cattle grid
thread                                cotton
Three Muskateers (candy)              Milky Way
thumb tack                            drawing pin
tic-tac-toe                           noughts and crosses
time payment/installment plan         hire purchase
toilet/john/bathroom                  lavatory/toilet/w.c.
top (car)                             roof/hood
traffic circle                        roundabout/island
trailer/camper/mobile home            caravan
tractor trailer truck/semi            articulated lorry
tramp/call girl/hooker/street walker  prostitute/tart/whore
truck                                 lorry
truck stop                            transport cafe
trunk/rear deck (car)                 boot
tube                                  valve
two weeks                             fortnight

U

undergraduates:
  freshman                            1st year undergraduate
  sophomore                           2nd year undergraduate
  junior                              3rd year undergraduate
  senior                              4th year undergraduate
undershirt                            vest
underwear (washing)                   smalls

V

vacation                              holiday
vacuum (v.)                           hoover
vacuum cleaner                        hoover
valence                               pelmet
VCR                                   Video
vest                                  waistcoat

W

wall to wall                          fitted carpet/wall to wall
wash cloth                            face flannel
wash up                               wash your hands
water heater (electric)               immersion heater
water heater (gas)                    geyser
weather stripping                     draught excluder
wharf/pier                            quay (pron. 'key')
white lima been                       butter bean
windbreaker                           windcheater
windshield                            windscreen
wire                                  telegram
with or without?
          (milk/cream in coffee)      black or white?

Y

yard                                  garden

Z

zero                                  nought
zip code                              postal code
zucchini                              courgettes



              ENGLISH - AMERICAN
              ------------------

English                               American
-------                               --------

A

aerial (radio/TV)                     antenna
alsation                              German shepherd/police dog
Anglepoise lamp                       Swing-arm/Architect's lamp
anorak                                parka
articulated lorry                     tractor trailor truck/semi
athelete (a keen one)                 jock
aubergine                             eggplant
autumn                                fall

B

bank holiday                          legal holiday
bank note                             bill
bap                                   hamburger bun
bat (ping pong)                       paddle
bath                                  bathtub
bath (v.)                             bathe
beefburger                            hamburger
bespoke/made to measure               custom made
big dipper                            roller coaster
bill                                  check (restaurant)
bill/account                          account
billion=million million               billion=thousand million
biscuit (sweet)                       cookie
biscuit (unsweetened)                 cracker
black or white?
        (milk/cream in coffee)        with or without?
black treacle                         molasses
blackleg                              scab
blind (window)                        shade
block of flats                        apartment house/building
bomb (success)                        bomb (disaster)
bonnet (car)                          hood
book (v.)                             make reservation
boot (car)                            trunk/rear deck
bootlace/shoelace                     shoestring
bottom drawer                         hope chest
bowler/hard hat                       derby
box room                              lumber room
braces                                suspenders
break (school)                        recess
bridge roll                           hotdog bun
briefs                                shorts (jockey shorts)
broad bean                            lima bean (similar)
butter bean                           white lima bean
butter muslin/cheese cloth            cheese cloth












English                               American
-------                               --------

C

candy floss                           cotton candy
car park                              parking lot
caravan                               trailer
caretaker/porter                      janitor
catapult                              slingshot
cattle grid                           Texas gate
centre (city/business)                downtown
centre reservation                    median strip/divider
chairman (business)                   president
chemist                               druggist
chemist's shop                        pharmacy/drug store
chest of drawers                      dresser/bureau
chicory                               endive
chips                                 french fries
chocolate/sweets                      candy
cinema                                movie house/theater
class/form (school)                   grade
cloakroom                             check room
cloakroom attendant                   hat check girl
clothes peg                           clothes pin
collar stiffener                      collar stay
collar stud                           collar button
conscription                          draft
condom                                rubber
convoy                                caravan
cooker                                stove
corn flour                            corn starch
corporation                           city/municipal government
cot/crib                              baby bed/crib
cotton                                thread
cotton reel                           spool
cotton wool                           cotton batting/absorbent cotton
courgettes                            zucchini
court shoe                            pump
cow gum                               rubber cement
cream cracker                         soda cracker
crisps                                chips (potato)
cul-de-sac                            dead end
cupboard                              closet
curtains                              drapes

D

desiccated (coconut)                  shredded
diamante                              rhinestone
directory enquiries                   directory assistance
district                              precinct
diversion                             detour
drain (indoor)                        sewer pipe/soil pipe

English                               American
-------                               --------

draper                                drygoods store
draught excluder                      weather stripping
draughts                              checkers
drawing pin                           thumb tack
dress circle                          mezzanine/loge
dressing gown                         bathrobe
driver (train)                        engineer
dual carriageway                      divided highway
dummy                                 pacifier
dungarees                             overalls
dustbin/bin                           garbage can/ash can/trash can
dynamo                                generator

E

earth wire/earth                      ground wire
eiderdown                             comforter
elastoplast                           band-aid
endive                                chicory
estate agent                          realtor
estate car                            station wagon

F

face flannel                          wash cloth
fag                                   cigarette/private school gofer
faggot (normally fried)               pork and liver meatball
fair (fun)                            carnival
filling station                       gas station
film                                  movie
first floor                           second floor
fish slice                            pancake spatula/turner
fitted carpet                         wall to wall
flat                                  apartment
flex                                  electric cord/wire
flyover                               overpass
football/soccer                       soccer
fortnight                             two weeks
foyer                                 lobby/foyer
full-stop (punc.)                     period
funny bone                            crazy bone

G

gallery (theatre)                     balcony
gangway                               aisle
gaol                                  jail
garden                                yard
gear lever                            gear shift
geyser (gas)                          water heater
goods truck (railway)                 freight truck


English                               American
-------                               --------

goose pimples                         goose bumps
gramophone/record player              phonograph/record player
green fingers                         green thumb
green pepper/capsicum                 bell pepper/green pepper/sweet pepper
grill (v.)                            broil
guard (train)                         conductor
gym shoes/plimsolls/tennis shoes      sneakers/tennis shoes

H

haberdashery                          notions
hair grip/kirby grip                  bobbie pin
hair slide                            barrette
handbag                               purse/pocket book
hardware                              housewares
headmaster/mistress                   principal
hire purchase                         time payment/installment plan
holiday                               vacation
homely - pleasant                     homely - ugly
homosexual                            fag/faggot/gay
hoover (n.)                           vacuum cleaner
hoover (v.)                           vacuum
housing estate                        sub-division

I

ice/sorbet                            sherbet
iced lolly                            popsicle
icing sugar                           powdered sugar/confectioner's sugar
identification parade                 line-up
immersion heater (electric)           water heater
interval                              intermission
ironmonger                            hardware store

J

jab (injection)                       shot
jam                                   jelly/jam
jelly                                 jello
joint (meat)                          roast
jug                                   pitcher
jumper/sweater/pullover               sweater/pullover

K

kiosk (telephone/cigarette)           booth (telephone)
kipper                                smoked herring
knock up                              to awaken someone
knock up (tennis)                     warm up
knuckle duster                        brass knuckles


English                               American
-------                               --------

L

label                                 tag
larder                                pantry
laundrette                            laundromat
lavatory/toilet/w.c.                  toilet/john/bathroom
lay-by                                pull-off
leader:
  1. leading article in newspaper     editorial
  2. 1st violin in orchestra          concert master
left luggage office                   baggage room
let                                   lease/rent
level crossing (railway)              grade crossing
lift                                  elevator
limited (company)                     incorporated
liver sausage                         liverwurst
lodger                                roomer
lorry                                 truck
lost property                         lost and found
lounge suite                          business suit

M

mackintosh                            raincoat
Marathon (candy)                      Snickers
marrow                                squash (similar)
Mars Bar (candy)                      Milky Way
Meccano (tradename)                   erector set
Medium wave (radio)                   AM radio
methylated spirits                    denatured alcohol
mileometer                            odometer
Milky Way (candy)                     Three Muskateers
mince (meat)                          hamburger
mincer                                meat grinder
moped                                 motorbike
motorway                              freeway/throughway/super highway

N

nappy                                 diaper
neat (drink)                          straight
net curtains                          sheers/under drapes
newsagent                             news dealer/news stand
nought                                zero
noughts and crosses                   tic-tac-toe
number plate                          license plate


English                               American
-------                               --------

O

off licence/wine merchant             liquor store
off-side lane                         right-hand land nearest center
                                                      of road - in UK
oven gloves/cloth                     pot holders/gloves
overtake (vehicle)                    pass

P

pack (of cards)                       deck
packed lunch                          sack lunch
pantechnicon                          moving van
pants                                 shorts (underwear)
paraffin                              kerosene
parcel                                package
pavement/footpath                     sidewalk
pelican crossing                      cross-walk
pelmet                                valence
pen knife                             pocket knife
personal call                         person-to-person
perspex                               plexiglas
petrol                                gas(oline)
pillar box                            mail box/mail drop
plaster                               band-aid
plus-fours                            knickers
point/power point                     outlet/socket
Polos (candy - fruit version)         Life Savers
post                                  mail
postal code                           zip code
postman                               mailman
postponement                          raincheck
pram                                  baby carriage/baby buggy
pregnant (to make)                    knock up
press studs                           snaps
prison                                penitentiary
prostitute/tart/whore                 tramp/call girl/hooker/street walker
public convenience                    restroom/toilet/comfort station
public school/private school          private school
pudding                               dessert
purse                                 change purse/small wallet (womens)
pushchair                             stroller
put down/entered (goods bought)       charged
put through (telephone)               connect

Q

quay                                  wharf/pier
queue (n.)                            line
queue (v.)                            stand in line/line up


English                               American
-------                               --------

R

rasher (bacon)                        slice
rawlplug                              mollybolt
reception (hotel)                     front desk
receptionist                          desk clerk
return ticket                         round trip ticket
reverse charges                       call collect
reversing lights                      back up lights
ring up                               call/phone
road surface                          pavement
robin (small red-breasted bird,       robin (large red-breasted bird,
         symbol of Christmas)               symbol - first sign of Spring)
roof/hood (car)                       top
roundabout                            traffic circle
rubber                                eraser
rubbish                               garbage/trash

S

saloon (car)                          sedan
sausage roll                          pig in a blanket
scribbling pad/block                  scratch pad
sellotape                             scotch tape
semi-detached                         duplex
semolina                              cream of wheat
service flats                         apartment hotel
settee                                love seat
shop assistant                        sales clerk/sales girl
shop walker                           floor walker
sideboard                             buffet
sideboards (hair)                     sideburns
silencer (car)                        muffler
single ticket                         one way ticket
sitting room/living room/
        lounge/drawing room           living room
skipping rope                         jump rope
skirting board                        baseboard/mopboard
sledge/toboggan                       sled
sleeping car                          pullman/sleeper
smalls (washing)                      underwear
Smarties (candy)                      M&Ms/Reeses Pieces
sofa                                  davenport/couch
solicitor                             lawyer/attorney
sorbet                                sherbet
spanner                               monkey wrench
spirits (drink)                       liquor
spring onion                          scallion (similar)
staff (academic)                      faculty
stalls (theatre)                      orchestra seats
stand (for public office)             run


English                               American
-------                               --------

standard lamp                         floor lamp
state school                          public school
sticking plaster                      adhesive tape
stone (fruit)                         pit
sultana                               raisin
sump (car)                            oil pan
surgery (doctor's/dentist's)          office
surgical spirit                       rubbing alcohol
suspender belt                        garter belt
suspenders                            garters
swede                                 turnip/rutabaga
sweet shop/confectioner               candy store
sweets/chocolate                      candy
Swiss roll                            jelly roll

T

tadpole                               pollywog/tadpole
take-away                             take-out
tap                                   faucet
tarmac                                black top
tea trolley                           tea cart
telegram                              wire
term (academic - 3 in a year)         semester (2 in a year)
tights                                panty hose/nylons
time-table                            schedule
tin                                   can
tip (n. and v.)                       dump
Topic (candy)                         Mars Bar
torch                                 flashlight
traffic lights                        stop lights/traffic signals/
                                                  stop signals
transport cafe                        truck stop
trousers                              pants/slacks
truncheon (police)                    night stick
trunk call                            long distance
tube/underground                      subway
turn-ups (trousers)                   cuffs (pants)

U

Undergraduates:
   1st year                           freshman
   2nd year                           sophomore
   3rd year                           junior
   4th year                           senior
unit trust                            mutual fund
upper circle                          first balcony



English                               American
-------                               --------

V

valve (radio)                         tube
van                                   delivery truck
van (car type)                        panel truck
vest                                  undershirt
VHF (radio)                           FM radio
Video                                 VCR
visually position                     eyeball (v.)

W

waistcoat                             vest
wallet                                billfold
wardrobe                              closet
wash up                               do the dishes
wash your hands                       wash up
Welsh dresser                         hutch
windcheater                           windbreaker
windscreen                            windshield
wing/mudguard (car)                   fender
Woolworths                            dime store/five and ten

Z

zebra crossing                        pedestrian crossing


  

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